Skipping out on these crucial tactics could lead to a delay in diagnosing serious conditions.
Here’s what our experts say you should add to your patient checklist.
1. Stop feeling shy
Many of us hesitate to talk to our physicians about sensitive issues (think substance abuse or sexual health—or even gender identity).
But honesty and openness are important, both for fostering a good doctor-patient relationship and for ensuring that you get the best care.
That’s why it’s OK to try out a doc before committing.
You want to see if this person seems like someone you can talk to, someone you feel comfortable with.
And if you don’t think your doctor understands or respects your concerns, don’t be afraid to find someone new.
2. Don’t come to your appointments unprepared
Get the most out of your time—and your doc’s—by arriving at your appointment with a clear plan for what you want to discuss.
“It’s good to have patients think about their problems from when the issue began, then look at it chronologically to the present.
Making a prioritized point-form list in advance helps ensure that you don’t forget anything or mix up the order of events.
Then, work with your doctor to address the most serious issues first.
3. Choose your family doc over the walk-in clinic whenever you can
Yes, a clinic is convenient, but what we gain in easy access, we lose in familiarity.
“I think it’s really valuable if people can connect with a family physician who they’ll be able to see long term, rather than just looking for the quickest way to access care.
A family doctor will know your medical history and will keep it in mind when suggesting treatment—so, for example, if you’ve recently taken several courses of antibiotics for a UTI, your physician will likely look for a different course of action if you come in with another infection.
“It’s important to know that doctors are privileged to share in your stories and to help you through difficult times.
4. Share what’s happening in your life
There’s a reason your doctor wants to know where you’re working, if you’re dating and how the kids are—and it’s not just because she likes you.
(Though she does, we’re sure.) Physicians need a picture of their patients’ lives beyond their specific health symptoms and conditions, especially when they’re first getting to know you.
“Doctors need to know these things to understand how your lifestyle and habits may be influencing your health.
So when you’re talking about your exercise habits, your health history and whether you smoke, drink or use drugs, mention your employment status, family obligations and intimate relationships.
5. Be a better googler
Doctors know you do it (hello, late-night web searches), but they would prefer you to ask about good sources of information, rather than going rogue online.
They also want you to be honest about your fears if you’ve read something particularly upsetting.
Physicians can’t address your concerns or point you in the right direction if they don’t know what your fingertips have been up to.
“The thing we want patients to do is to ask us for the most reliable questions.
6. Don’t think your symptoms are “no big deal”
If you’ve noticed you are having more headaches than usual or are sleeping more or are eating less, you might not think to tell your doctor—but you should.
There’s no set of rules for determining which symptoms are worthy of investigation or discussion, by making a note to mention anything that is new or has changed since your last appointment.
“You should bring up things like sudden weight loss or fatigue that seems excessive.
“It could be a sign of a larger problem or the cause of a developing problem.”
If it doesn’t end up being serious, seeing your doctor will help ease any anxiety you might be feeling, and that’s worth the visit, too.
7. Talk about what you’re taking
Tell your physician about any herbal medications and alternative treatments you take.
It’s important for patients to share what’s working for them and for doctors to be open-minded about therapies outside their own practice or traditions.
This is also a concern when it comes to conventional meds, especially if you’re pregnant; there are only 23 medications specifically approved for use during pregnancy— yes, out of every available drug—which can leave women feeling anxious about taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs when they’re expecting.
But don’t stop taking your meds as soon as your pregnancy test comes back positive.
8. Avoid diagnosing yourself
You know doctors don’t like it when you come in prepared with a diagnosis you’ve made thanks to the aforementioned Dr. Google.
But do you know why?
It’s not because they think you’re encroaching on their territory!
Rather, they worry that a serious medical problem might get missed or you’ll cause yourself unnecessary anxiety over something not serious.
That’s because not everyone has the most common symptoms of a particular condition.
Plus, men, women and different ethnicities can have varying symptoms for the same problem.
Instead of the usual pain or pressure on the left side of the chest or arm, men and women with diabetes may instead have spells of profuse sweating with weakness.
And, of course, women who don’t have diabetes can have differing symptoms, too; sometimes, a heart attack can feel like acid reflux or come with sudden nausea, vomiting and lightheadedness.
So always tell your physician if your symptoms are surprising or strange—like a headache that feels different than usual, for example.
And if you’re worried about a specific diagnosis, be sure to bring that up, too.